Polar and Dispersive Components of Liquid Surface Tensions

Polar and Dispersive Components of Liquid Surface Tensions

    \[  {{\gamma }_L={\gamma }^d_L+{\gamma }^P_L} \]

Liquid

Chemical formula

Temperture

γdL (mN/m) Dispersive

γpL (mN/m) Polar

γL (mN/m) Surface Tension

Reference

Water

H2O

20

27.19

45.61

72.8

[ 1 ]

26.25

46.55

72.8

[ 2 ]

30

27.29

44

71.29

[ 1 ]

37

21

49.1

70.1

[ 3 ]

40

27.35

42.42

69.77

[ 1 ]

44

20.6

48.3

68.9

[ 3 ]

70

19.3

45.2

64.5

[ 3 ]

95

17.9

42

59.9

[ 3 ]

Glycerol

C3H8O3

20

36.34

27.66

64

[ 1 ]

30

36.45

26.95

63.4

[ 1 ]

40

36.75

26.05

62.8

[ 1 ]

Diiodomethane

CH2I2

20

50.8

0

50.8

[ 1 ]

30

49.42

0

49.42

[ 1 ]

37

48.3

0

48.3

[ 3 ]

40

48.05

0

48.05

[ 1 ]

44

47.3

0

47.3

[ 3 ]

70

43.8

0

43.8

[ 3 ]

95

40.5

0

40.5

[ 3 ]

Chloroform

CHCL3

20

27.2

0

27.2

[ 4 ]

Methanol

CH3OH

20

20.21

2.29

22.5

[ 1 ]

30

19.54

2.19

21.73

[ 1 ]

40

18.90

2.05

20.95

[ 1 ]

Ethanol

C2H5OH

20

21.19

2.01

23.2

[ 1 ]

30

20.44

1.93

22.37

[ 1 ]

40

19.72

1.82

21.54

[ 1 ]

Propanol

C3H8O

20

22.11

1.76

23.87

[ 1 ]

30

21.67

1.42

23.09

[ 1 ]

40

20.19

1.33

21.52

[ 1 ]

Ethylene glycol

C2H6O2

20

29.81

18.19

48

[ 1 ]

33.9

14.1

48

[ 2 ]

30

29.95

17.16

47.11

[ 1 ]

37

28.1

18.4

46.5

[ 3 ]

40

29.66

16.54

46.22

[ 1 ]

44

27.8

18.2

46

[ 3 ]

70

26.8

17.5

44.3

[ 3 ]

95

25.7

16.9

42.6

[ 3 ]

Benzene

C6H6

20

28.9

0

28.9

[ 4 ]

Benzonitrile

C7H5N

20

34.7

4.7

38.79

[ 2 ]

Toluene

C7H8

20

28.5

0

28.5

[ 4 ]

Heptane

C7H16

20

20.14

0

20.14

[ 4 ]

Dimethyl sulfoxide

C2H6OS

20

36

8

44

[ 4 ]

Dimethyl formamide

C3H7NO

20

29

8.1

37.1

[ 2 ]

Formamide

CH3NO

20

45.18

12.82

58

[ 1 ]

30

45.39

11.77

57.16

[ 1 ]

40

45.54

10.78

56.32

[ 1 ]

Tribromopropane

C3H5Br3

20

45.4

0

45.4

[ 1 ]

30

44.13

0

44.13

[ 1 ]

40

42.87

0

42.87

[ 1 ]

Chloronaphthalene

C10H7Cl

20

41.8

0

41.8

[ 1 ]

30

40.74

0

40.74

[ 1 ]

40

39.67

0

39.67

[ 1 ]

1,4 Dibromobutane

C4H8Br2

20

38

0

38

[ 5 ]

1,3 Diiodopropane

C3H6I2

20

44

3.78

47.78

[ 5 ]

Bromonaphthalene

C10H7Br

20

43.5

0

44.4

[ 6 ]

References:

[ 1 ] Zdziennicka, A., Krawczyk, J., Szymczyk, K., & Jańczuk, B. (2017), Components and parameters of liquids and some polymers surface tension at different temperature, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 529, 864–875

[ 2 ] Cantin, S., Bouteau, M., Benhabib, F., & Perrot, F. (2006), Surface free energy evaluation of well-ordered Langmuir-Blodgett surfaces: Comparison of different approaches, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 276(1–3), 107–115

[ 3 ] Zhao, Q., Liu, Y., & Abel, E. W. (2004),. Effect of temperature on the surface free energy of amorphous carbon films, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 280(1), 174–183

[ 4 ] Hwang, G., Lee, C. H., Ahn, I. S., & Mhin, B. J. (2011). Determination of reliable Lewis acid-base surface tension components of a solid in LW-AB approach, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 17(1), 125–129

[ 5 ] Ismail, M. F., Khorshidi, B., & Sadrzadeh, M. (2020), New insights into the prediction of adaptive wetting of a solid surface under a liquid medium, Applied Surface Science, 532

[ 6 ] Leó, V., Tusa, A., & Araujo, Y. C. (1999), Determination of the solid surface tensions I, The platinum case, In Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, (Vol. 155)

Polar and Dispersive Components of Liquid Surface Tensions

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